The tallest mountain in the Solar System – Olympus Mons – is on Mars. Facts about Mars for Kids: There have been 40 missions to Mars, but only 18 of the missions were successful. 12. When this happens, the communication between spacecraft on Mars, and the Earth drastically reduces. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in our solar system and second smallest planet after Mercury. It is approximately 227,900,000 kilometres from the star. Mars is a new frontier for humanity. It is located between Earth and the Asteroid Belt. Amazing Facts about Mars 1. On the other hand, Venus has the most circular orbit of any planet in the solar system. 4. 22. Evidence of Water. In simple terms, 1 AU is the average distance between the Sun and Earth.). (An AU is an astronomical unit. 9. ; A year lasts 687 days, almost twice as long as a year on Earth. That set the stage for the formation of the Valles Marineris. All these correspond to a gravity acceleration 3.72m/s 2 (9.81 ~ m/s 2 on Earth). The evidence of water in Mars means that the planet has the possibility of sustaining, not only, chemical reactions but even life too. Also, learn the fact that the 2003 Opposition was the closest approach in almost 60,000 years! 15. 20. There is a tilt of a few degrees between the orbits of the two neighboring planets. Even now Mars has been known to have water in the form of ice 2. The gravity of Mars is 3.711 m/s², but the earth is 9.807 m/s². We set out to answer some of those questions and dug up some absolutely crazy facts about Curiosity and its mission to Mars. The mission was launched on November 5th, 2013. Mars is a very cold planet. Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun. Speaking volume wise, about 6 Mars planets would be able to sum up the same volume as that of the Earth! 30. On Earth, it would span the entire North American continent and beyond. If the ice on its south pole melts, the resulting water will be sufficient to cover the planet’s entire surface to a depth of 11 meters. Mars is one of the many planets that have our scientists intrigued and excited about the possibility of life beyond the Earth. Sources: https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/mars/overview/ , https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/marsfact.html, https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/maps/mars-viking-hemisphere-point-perspectives First Published: June 2012Last Updated: May 2020Author: Chris Jones, https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/planets/mars/overview/, https://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/marsfact.html, https://astrogeology.usgs.gov/maps/mars-viking-hemisphere-point-perspectives, The Ultimate List of TV Shows set in Space or on Other Planets, The Planets and Moons of Star Wars to Scale. There are a number of advantages of using Mars Rover. Mars is also referred to as the “Red Planet” because it has high content of iron oxide which makes it appear reddish. Mars and Earth have approximately the same landmass. Mars has has a very primitive form of plate tectonics, and the action of two plates past each other began splitting the surface some 3.5 billion years ago. 29. Facts about Mars. Mars’ magnetic field turned off four billion years ago. Below are some interesting facts about Mars; 1. The fourth planet from the Sun was first observed through a telescope by Galileo in 1610 (1). Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere composed primarily of carbon dioxide. See the full list here. Mars is being explored for over four decades now because it is considered as a favorable place for human existence. The average temperature on Mars stays around minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit – that’s below freezing point. 2. Mars is at a distance of 206,655,215 kilometers or 1.381 AU when it is closest to the Sun. Wondering how fast winds in these storms move? Modern technologies make the exploration of Mars possible. Due to its immense mass, Jupiter brings some change in Mars’ orbit. Facts about Mars Rover impress us with the details about automated motor vehicles. In simple terms, 1 AU is the average distance between the Sun and Earth. Due to the presence of red dust on the planet, which is mainly its iron content; mars sometime sees dust storms when the wind blows. 19. Read on to discover the most interesting facts about Mars, including current plans to transform this inimical planet into the next Earth. The diameter of Mars is 6.779 km or 4.212 mi, slightly more than half the size of Earth. Olympus Mons is part of a complex of volcanoes that lie along a volcanic plateau called the Tharsis Bulge. 26. Here are 7 interesting facts about Mars Mars, also known as the Red Planet, is an Earth-like planet. MARS; Average Distance from Sun: 93 million miles: 142 million miles: Average Speed in Orbiting Sun: 18.5 miles per second: 14.5 miles per second: Diameter: 7,926 miles: 4,220 miles: Tilt of Axis: 23.5 degrees: 25 degrees: Length of Year: 365.25 Days: 687 Earth Days: Length of Day: 23 hours 56 minutes: 24 hours 37 minutes: Gravity: 2.66 times that of Mars: 0.375 that of Earth: Temperature If a body weighs on the earth is 100 kg, then its weigh on Mars will be only 38 kg. Specifically, Mars has about 95% carbon dioxide, 3% nitrogen, 1.6% argon and a few other elements in its atmosphere. 23. Mars has a radius of 3.389 km or 2.105 mi being twice as small as Earth. Due to less mass, Mars’s gravity is also less than the gravity of the earth. Interesting Facts about Mars. Join us on a journey to the fourth planet from the Sun with amazing facts, incredible images and vital information about Mars. 8. Mars can be spotted with the naked eye during the night time from the surface of earth, thanks to its reddish appearance. They named each day of the week upon the seven known bodies in the sky: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Jupiter, and Saturn. Indeed, even normal residue storms on Mars are extraordinary, going on for quite a long time at any given moment and covering mainland measured regions. January 11, 2020 January 11, 2020 - by InterestingFacts.org - Leave a Comment. Viking 1 and Viking 2 are the two spacecraft that were sent by NASA in 1975 on Mars with the objective to study its surface and to gather important information about its composition and structure. Mars used to have a thicker atmosphere. Facts About Mars. Have you ever been to Mars and wondered why it is such a difficult question to answer? Interesting Facts About Mars. Global Dust Storms. Also read: facts about Jupiter. The average temperature on Mars stays around minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit – that’s below freezing point. Martian surface gravity is only 37% of the Earth’s (meaning you could leap nearly three times higher on Mars). These dust storms can be humongous and can cover the planet’s entire surface. They were discovered in 1877 by astronomer Asaph Hall, who named them for the Latin terms “fear” and “panic”. 10. The surface gravity on Mars is only about 38% of the surface gravity on Earth, so if you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars. Did you know that a Martian day lasts only up to 40 minutes more than a normal Earth day. One of the interesting facts is that month March is derived from the planet Mars. 2012: NASA’s Mars rover Curiosity finds conditions in Gale Crater that indicate they may have once been suitable for microbial life in the past. The planet is 227,939,200 km away from the Sun, and one year on Mars is equal to 687 days. 33. Hence, Tuesday is the day of Mars. interesting facts about mars planet atmosphere 2.Largest dust storm Facts about Mars. Mars gets its name from the Roman god of war of the same name. Mars is the second smallest planet in the solar system with an equatorial and polar diameter of 6,700 kilometres. Mars is famous for its very thin atmosphere with 95% carbon dioxide, 1.6% argon, 0.15% oxygen. Mars has a radius of 3390 km, it has a mass of 6.42×10 24 kg (10.7% of Earth’s mass), and a mean density of 3.94 g/cm3. For water to flow in the past, the Red Planet needs more atmosphere. By doing so, India became the first country in the world to set a spacecraft into Mars’ orbit in its first attempt. And the signs of water on the planet has supported the belief that human life can exist on this red planet. Mars’s mass is 6.42 x 10 23 kilograms, about 10 times less than Earth. Facts about Mars include this particularly interesting one. 1. 25. “Mars takes 687 Earth days to complete one revolution around the Sun.”. 10 Interesting Facts about Mars. “Olympus Mons — the tallest mountain in the solar system — is on Mars.”. 6. This signature colour comes from the large amount of a chemical called iron oxide (or ‘rust’ as you might know it) in its rocks and soil. Mars has only two moons as compared to Uranus’ twenty-seven. The apparent size and brightness of the planet varies depending on the proximity of the planet to the Earth. The names given to Mars revolved around its physical appearance. Mars is the nearest planet to the Earth after Venus. Due to the reddish appearance of the mars, you can able to see the planet with the naked eye. Mars has the largest volcano in the solar system – Olympus Mons. However, the mission failed. 24. Did you know that Mars is home to the largest volcano and the largest canyon in the Solar System? The temperature is very cold, but it might have been warmer a few million years ago.. Fun Facts All about Mars for Kids. It’s iron oxide that makes Mars red, and this tells us that Mars is similar to Earth, where iron also rusts when it’s left exposed to … Mars has low atmospheric pressure on its surface which is the reason why liquid water cannot exist on its surface for long. The first interaction with Mars: Mariner 4, in 1965 was the first aircraft that flew by Mars. Mars is at a distance of more than 142 million miles from the Sun. Mars is the second closest planet to Earth after Venus. The rock pieces orbited the solar system for millions of years and finally crash landed on the Earth. Overall, as of now, Mars would be a totally inconvenient place to live. 2. The orbit of Mars and Earth are also not in the same plane. (Launch dates: August 20, 1975 (Viking 1); September 9, 1975 (Viking 2)). Mars gets its red colour from the iron oxide dust on its surface. 21. Mars has a volume of 1.6318 x 10¹¹ km³ (163 billion cubic kilometers) which is the equivalent of 0.151 Earths. The presence of a thin atmosphere in Mars doesn’t allow water to exist in a liquid state but water is … Mars is at a distance of more than 142 million miles from the Sun. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) also set their orbiter for Mars safely on 24th September 2014. Mars is 141,633,260 miles from the Sun. Mars is sometimes known as The Red Planet because of presence of rust in the martian soil. The Valles Marineris is an extensive canyon system on the Mars equator. Since this means that a 100-pound person on Earth would weigh only 38 pounds on Mars and will jump 3 … Mars has sufficient ice on its polar regions, which can be seen clearly in the image below. 25. Mars has 37.5% of the gravity that Earth has. Mars has around 1% of atmospheric pressure that normally found at sea level on Earth. The maximum pressure of Mar’s core is expected to be 400,000 times the pressure of Earth’s atmosphere at sea level. 7. Facts About Mars 1. It has the essential systems that characterize our Earth. These moons are thought to be captured asteroids and are among the smallest natural satellites in the solar system. Instead, they have elliptical orbits. Mars is cold, dusty, and possesses a thin atmosphere. Note that 60 miles per hour is the top speed of the winds blowing in some of the strongest Martian storms. Moreover, due to less atmospheric pressure on Mars than Earth, things get blown but the intensity is not that much as on earth with the same wind speed. It’s about half the size of Earth with a diameter of 6,791 kilometers. Named after the Roman god of war, Mars is also often described as the “Red Planet” due to its reddish appearance. And when we say largest, you need to note that they are a lot larger than their largest counterparts on the Earth. Mars was visible in the night sky long before telescopes were invented. Interesting Facts About Mars March 16, 2009 - by InterestingFacts.org - 20 Comments. Even though Mars has only 15% of the Earth’s volume and just over 10% of the Earth’s mass, around two thirds of the Earth’s surface is covered in water. The name of the month of March also derives from Mars. But the planet has been documented for over 4,000 years, which makes crediting its discovery to one person difficult. Interestingly, these dust storms are sometimes visible by telescopes from the Earth. It’s Northern cap is called – Planum Boreum, and Southern cap is called – Planum Australe. Share It..... 16,490 total views, 2 views today. The polar region of Mars has a much lower temperature than Earth. They are named: Phobos and Deimos. 17. It took the spacecraft a whopping 228 days to reach the planet.
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